Camilla Hardeland

  • Associate Professor, Senior Researcher; PhD, RN

Registered nurse, previous work experience primarily from the emergency room.  

Main area of work: Teaching nursing and paramedic students in bachelor programmes.  

Research area: prehospital emergency medicine. Special attention to cardiac arrest and stroke in emergency medical dispatch centres and development of digital decision support systems based on machine learning.

PhD Thesis: When time counts: Emergency medical dispatch. Exploring, understanding and addressing issues that impact upon timely and adequate allocation of prehospital medical assistance and resources to cardiac arrest patients 

Camilla Hardeland - Cristin

Camilla Hardeland (


Publications 2024

Guterud M, Hardeland C, Bugge HF, Sandset EC, Svendsen EJ, Hov MR (2024)
Experiences from a cluster-randomized trial (ParaNASPP) exploring triage and diagnostic accuracy in paramedic-suspected stroke: a qualitative interview study
Eur J Neurol, 31 (5), e16252
DOI 10.1111/ene.16252, PubMed 38404142

Jamtli B, Hov MR, Jørgensen TM, Kramer-Johansen J, Ihle-Hansen H, Sandset EC, Kongsgård HW, Hardeland C (2024)
Telephone triage and dispatch of ambulances to patients with suspected and verified acute stroke - a descriptive study
BMC Emerg Med, 24 (1), 43
DOI 10.1186/s12873-024-00962-7, PubMed 38486156

Publications 2023

Hardeland C, Svendsen EJ, Heitmann GB, Leonardsen AL (2023)
Healthcare personnel self-assessed competence and knowledge following implementation of a new guideline on maternal resuscitation in Norway. A repeated measure study
Health Sci Rep, 6 (1), e1035
DOI 10.1002/hsr2.1035, PubMed 36698715

Leonardsen AL, Bååth C, Helgesen AK, Grøndahl VA, Hardeland C (2023)
Person-Centeredness in Digital Primary Healthcare Services-A Scoping Review
Healthcare (Basel), 11 (9)
DOI 10.3390/healthcare11091296, PubMed 37174838

Leonardsen AL, Hardeland C, Hallgren J, Femdal I, Thapa DR, Helgesen AK, Bååth C, Halvorsrud L, Grøndahl VA, Gillsjö C (2023)
Nursing students' attitudes towards the use of digital technology in the healthcare of older adults- a cross-sectional study in Norway and Sweden
BMC Nurs, 22 (1), 428
DOI 10.1186/s12912-023-01600-6, PubMed 37964266

Leonardsen AL, Hardeland C, Helgesen AK, Bååth C, Del Busso L, Grøndahl VA (2023)
The Use of Robotic Technology in the Healthcare of People above the Age of 65-A Systematic Review
Healthcare (Basel), 11 (6)
DOI 10.3390/healthcare11060904, PubMed 36981561

Svendsen EJ, Opheim R, Hermansen BE, Hardeland C (2023)
Ad hoc digital communication and assessment during clinical placements in nursing education; a qualitative research study of students', clinical instructors', and teachers' experiences
PLoS One, 18 (7), e0287438
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0287438, PubMed 37478099

Publications 2022

Hardeland C, Leonardsen AL, Isern CB, Berge HM (2022)
Experiences of cardiac arrest survivors among young exercisers in Norway: A qualitative study
Resusc Plus, 11, 100293
DOI 10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100293, PubMed 36051158

Hardeland C, Leonardsen AL, Isern CB, Berge HM (2022)
The aftermath of surviving a sudden cardiac arrest for young exercisers - a qualitative study in Norway
BMC Health Serv Res, 22 (1), 1452
DOI 10.1186/s12913-022-08674-z, PubMed 36451196

Publications 2021

Hardeland C, Claesson A, Blom MT, Blomberg SNF, Folke F, Hollenberg J, Kramer-Johansen J, Lippert F, Nord A, Nygaard AM, Olasveengen TM, Ringh M, Svensson L, Møller TP (2021)
Description of call handling in emergency medical dispatch centres in Scandinavia: recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and dispatcher-assisted CPR
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med, 29 (1), 88
DOI 10.1186/s13049-021-00903-4, PubMed 34193226

Publications 2020

Leonardsen AL, Hardeland C, Helgesen AK, Grøndahl VA (2020)
Patient experiences with technology enabled care across healthcare settings- a systematic review
BMC Health Serv Res, 20 (1), 779
DOI 10.1186/s12913-020-05633-4, PubMed 32838784

Leonardsen AL, Svendsen EJ, Heitmann GB, Dhayyat A, Morris A, Sjøborg KD, Olsen RM, Hardeland C (2020)
Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess healthcare personnel competence in cardiac arrest and resuscitation in pregnancy
PLoS One, 15 (5), e0232984
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0232984, PubMed 32396569

Publications 2019

Leonardsen AC, Ramsdal H, Olasveengen TM, Steen-Hansen JE, Westmark F, Hansen AE, Hardeland C (2019)
Exploring individual and work organizational peculiarities of working in emergency medical communication centers in Norway- a qualitative study
BMC Health Serv Res, 19 (1), 545
DOI 10.1186/s12913-019-4370-0, PubMed 31375098

Olasveengen TM, Hardeland C (2019)
Man vs. machine? The future of emergency medical dispatching
Resuscitation, 138, 304-305
DOI 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.03.005, PubMed 30885537

Publications 2017

Hardeland C, Skåre C, Kramer-Johansen J, Birkenes TS, Myklebust H, Hansen AE, Sunde K, Olasveengen TM (2017)
Targeted simulation and education to improve cardiac arrest recognition and telephone assisted CPR in an emergency medical communication centre
Resuscitation, 114, 21-26
DOI 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.02.013, PubMed 28236428

Publications 2016

Hardeland C, Sunde K, Ramsdal H, Hebbert SR, Soilammi L, Westmark F, Nordum F, Hansen AE, Steen-Hansen JE, Olasveengen TM (2016)
Factors impacting upon timely and adequate allocation of prehospital medical assistance and resources to cardiac arrest patients
Resuscitation, 109, 56-63
DOI 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.09.027, PubMed 27768861

Publications 2015

Birkenes TS, Myklebust H, Hardeland C, Kramer-Johansen J, Ong MEH, Shin SD, Panczyk M, Bobrow BJ (2015)
HOW to train for telephone-CPR
Trends Anaesth. Crit. Care, 5 (5), 124-129
DOI 10.1016/j.tacc.2015.07.003

Publications 2014

Hardeland C, Olasveengen TM, Lawrence R, Garrison D, Lorem T, Farstad G, Wik L (2014)
Comparison of Medical Priority Dispatch (MPD) and Criteria Based Dispatch (CBD) relating to cardiac arrest calls
Resuscitation, 85 (5), 612-6
DOI 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.01.029, PubMed 24525117

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