Helge Waal

  • Professor emeritus
  • +47-23368992 / +47-23368900

Original articles

Saberi Zafarghandi MB, Eshrati S, Vameghi M, Ranjbar H, Arezoomandan R, Clausen T, Waal H (2019)
Drug-related community issues and the required interventions in open drug scenes in Tehran, Iran: a qualitative study protocol
BMJ Open, 9 (10), e030488
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030488, PubMed 31619425

Mørland J, Waal H (2019)
Are intoxicants medication for some?
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 139 (12)
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.19.0521, PubMed 31502791

Bech AB, Clausen T, Waal H, Šaltytė Benth J, Skeie I (2019)
Mortality and causes of death among patients with opioid use disorder receiving opioid agonist treatment: a national register study
BMC Health Serv Res, 19 (1), 440
DOI 10.1186/s12913-019-4282-z, PubMed 31266495

Waal H, Mørland JG (2019)
H. Waal and J. Mørland respond
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 139 (8)
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.19.0296, PubMed 31062560

Waal H, Mørland JG (2019)
H. Waal and J. Mørland respond
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 139 (6)
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.19.0190, PubMed 30917637

Mørland J, Waal H (2019)
'The entire pharmaceutical compendium' in the treatment of substance use disorders
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 139 (3)
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.18.0678, PubMed 30754952

Henriksen K, Jacobsen JA, Henriksen EM, Gomes L, Waal H, Krajci P (2018)
The LASSO Program in Oslo: Harm Reduction Using Buprenorphine-Naloxone (Suboxone®) in a Low Threshold Setting
Eur Addict Res, 24 (6), 286-292
DOI 10.1159/000495188, PubMed 30466108

Edvardsen HE, Tverborgvik T, Frost J, Rogde S, Morild I, Waal H, Clausen T, Slørdal L, Vindenes V (2017)
Differences in combinations and concentrations of drugs of abuse in fatal intoxication and driving under the influence cases
Forensic Sci Int, 281, 127-133
DOI 10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.10.045, PubMed 29128652

Kjoesnes R, Waal H, Hauff E, Gossop M (2017)
Severe trauma among substance users in opioid maintenance treatment: users' assessment of worst trauma and clinical assessment of PTSD
Heroin Addict. Relat. Clin. Probl., 19 (1), 5-11

Nyhagen HT, Waal H (2017)
The ageing OMT patient
Nord. Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 34 (1), 72-79

Henriksen K, Waal H, Krajci P (2016)
Will non-compliant 'hard-to-treat' opioid-dependent patients profit from low threshold methadone treatment? A prospective 15-month evaluation of patients on Low Dosage Methadone treatment at Oslo University Hospital
Heroin Addict. Relat. Clin. Probl., 18 (3), 23-27

Bernard JP, Khiabani HZ, Hilberg T, Karinen R, Slørdal L, Waal H, Mørland J (2015)
Characteristics of methadone-related fatalities in Norway
J Forensic Leg Med, 36, 114-20
DOI 10.1016/j.jflm.2015.09.011, PubMed 26439870

Welle-Strand GK, Skurtveit S, Tanum L, Waal H, Bakstad B, Bjarkø L, Ravndal E (2015)
Tapering from Methadone or Buprenorphine during Pregnancy: Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Norway 1996-2009
Eur Addict Res, 21 (5), 253-61
DOI 10.1159/000381670, PubMed 25967268

Waal H, Clausen T, Gjersing L, Gossop M (2014)
Open drug scenes: responses of five European cities
BMC Public Health, 14, 853
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-14-853, PubMed 25128331

Bukten A, Skurtveit S, Waal H, Clausen T (2014)
Factors associated with dropout among patients in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) and predictors of re-entry. A national registry-based study
Addict Behav, 39 (10), 1504-9
DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.05.007, PubMed 24960556

Wüsthoff LE, Waal H, Gråwe RW (2014)
The effectiveness of integrated treatment in patients with substance use disorders co-occurring with anxiety and/or depression--a group randomized trial
BMC Psychiatry, 14, 67
DOI 10.1186/1471-244X-14-67, PubMed 24597469

Bukten A, Røislien J, Skurtveit S, Waal H, Gossop M, Clausen T (2013)
A day-by-day investigation of changes in criminal convictions before and after entering and leaving opioid maintenance treatment: a national cohort study
BMC Psychiatry, 13, 262
DOI 10.1186/1471-244X-13-262, PubMed 24131480

Sarfi M, Sundet JM, Waal H (2013)
Maternal stress and behavioral adaptation in methadone- or buprenorphine-exposed toddlers
Infant Behav Dev, 36 (4), 707-16
DOI 10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.08.006, PubMed 23999378

Waal H, Gossop M (2013)
Making sense of differing overdose mortality: contributions to improved understanding of European patterns
Eur Addict Res, 20 (1), 8-15
DOI 10.1159/000346781, PubMed 23921286

Waal H (2013)
[To embrace the weak]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 133 (11), 1166
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.13.0216, PubMed 23759770

Helseth V, Samet S, Johnsen J, Bramness JG, Waal H (2013)
Independent or Substance-Induced Mental Disorders? An Investigation of Comorbidity in an Acute Psychiatric Unit
J. Dual Diagn., 9 (1), 78-86

Gjersing L, Jonassen KV, Biong S, Ravndal E, Waal H, Bramness JG, Clausen T (2013)
Diversity in causes and characteristics of drug-induced deaths in an urban setting
Scand J Public Health, 41 (2), 119-25
DOI 10.1177/1403494812472007, PubMed 23302498

Skeie I, Brekke M, Clausen T, Gossop M, Lindbaek M, Reinertsen E, Thoresen M, Waal H (2012)
Increased somatic morbidity in the first year after leaving opioid maintenance treatment: results from a Norwegian cohort study
Eur Addict Res, 19 (4), 194-201
DOI 10.1159/000345229, PubMed 23257574

Bernard JP, Havnes I, Slørdal L, Waal H, Mørland J, Khiabani HZ (2012)
Methadone-related deaths in Norway
Forensic Sci Int, 224 (1-3), 111-6
DOI 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.11.010, PubMed 23246070

Waal H, Brekke M, Clausen T, Lindbæk M, Rosta J, Skeie I, Aasland OG (2012)
General practitioners' views on drug-assisted rehabilitation
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 132 (16), 1861-6
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.12.0124, PubMed 22986970

Welle-Strand GK, Skurtveit S, Jones HE, Waal H, Bakstad B, Bjarkø L, Ravndal E (2012)
Neonatal outcomes following in utero exposure to methadone or buprenorphine: a National Cohort Study of opioid-agonist treatment of Pregnant Women in Norway from 1996 to 2009
Drug Alcohol Depend, 127 (1-3), 200-6
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.07.001, PubMed 22841456

Havnes I, Bukten A, Gossop M, Waal H, Stangeland P, Clausen T (2012)
Reductions in convictions for violent crime during opioid maintenance treatment: a longitudinal national cohort study
Drug Alcohol Depend, 124 (3), 307-10
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.02.005, PubMed 22382045

Wüsthoff LE, Waal H, Gråwe RW (2012)
When research meets reality-lessons learned from a pragmatic multisite group-randomized clinical trial on psychosocial interventions in the psychiatric and addiction field
Subst Abuse, 6, 95-106
DOI 10.4137/SART.S9245, PubMed 22933843

Pedersen K, Waal H, Kringlen E (2012)
Patients with nonaffective psychosis are at increased risk for heroin use disorders
Eur Addict Res, 18 (3), 124-9
DOI 10.1159/000334613, PubMed 22354141

Bukten A, Skurtveit S, Gossop M, Waal H, Stangeland P, Havnes I, Clausen T (2011)
Engagement with opioid maintenance treatment and reductions in crime: a longitudinal national cohort study
Addiction, 107 (2), 393-9
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03637.x, PubMed 21883606

Bukten A, Skurtveit S, Stangeland P, Gossop M, Willersrud AB, Waal H, Havnes I, Clausen T (2011)
Criminal convictions among dependent heroin users during a 3-year period prior to opioid maintenance treatment: a longitudinal national cohort study
J Subst Abuse Treat, 41 (4), 407-14
DOI 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.06.006, PubMed 21839605

Sarfi M, Smith L, Waal H, Sundet JM (2011)
Risks and realities: dyadic interaction between 6-month-old infants and their mothers in opioid maintenance treatment
Infant Behav Dev, 34 (4), 578-89
DOI 10.1016/j.infbeh.2011.06.006, PubMed 21824659

Skeie I, Brekke M, Gossop M, Lindbaek M, Reinertsen E, Thoresen M, Waal H (2011)
Changes in somatic disease incidents during opioid maintenance treatment: results from a Norwegian cohort study
BMJ Open, 1 (1), e000130
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000130, PubMed 22021771

Wüsthoff LE, Waal H, Ruud T, Gråwe RW (2011)
A cross-sectional study of patients with and without substance use disorders in Community Mental Health Centres
BMC Psychiatry, 11, 93
DOI 10.1186/1471-244X-11-93, PubMed 21605358

Vindenes V, Yttredal B, Oiestad EL, Waal H, Bernard JP, Mørland JG, Christophersen AS (2011)
Oral fluid is a viable alternative for monitoring drug abuse: detection of drugs in oral fluid by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and comparison to the results from urine samples from patients treated with Methadone or Buprenorphine
J Anal Toxicol, 35 (1), 32-9
DOI 10.1093/anatox/35.1.32, PubMed 21219701

Kunøe N, Lobmaier P, Vederhus JK, Hjerkinn B, Gossop M, Hegstad S, Kristensen Ø, Waal H (2010)
Challenges to antagonist blockade during sustained-release naltrexone treatment
Addiction, 105 (9), 1633-9
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03031.x, PubMed 20707781

Bramness JG, Clausen T, Duckert F, Ravndal E, Waal H (2010)
Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity The Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research (SERAF)
Addiction, 106 (8), 1381-5
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03086.x, PubMed 20735364

Anchersen K, Hansteen V, Gossop M, Clausen T, Waal H (2010)
Opioid maintenance patients with QTc prolongation: congenital long QT syndrome mutation may be a contributing risk factor
Drug Alcohol Depend, 112 (3), 216-9
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.06.015, PubMed 20702049

Gjersing L, Waal H, Caplehorn JR, Gossop M, Clausen T (2010)
Staff attitudes and the associations with treatment organisation, clinical practices and outcomes in opioid maintenance treatment
BMC Health Serv Res, 10, 194
DOI 10.1186/1472-6963-10-194, PubMed 20604924

Kunøe N, Lobmaier P, Vederhus JK, Hjerkinn B, Hegstad S, Gossop M, Kristensen O, Waal H (2010)
Retention in naltrexone implant treatment for opioid dependence
Drug Alcohol Depend, 111 (1-2), 166-9
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.03.021, PubMed 20570059

Wüsthoff LE, Waal H, Ruud T, Røislien J, Gråwe RW (2010)
Identifying co-occurring substance use disorders in community mental health centres. Tailored approaches are needed
Nord J Psychiatry, 65 (1), 58-64
DOI 10.3109/08039488.2010.489954, PubMed 20507263

Waal H, Bramness JG (2010)
[Benzodiazepines to people with substance abuse problems?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 130 (6), 610-2
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.09.0687, PubMed 20349006

Lobmaier PP, Kunoe N, Waal H (2010)
Treatment research in prison: Problems and solutions in a randomized trial
Addict. Res. Theory, 18 (1), 1-13

Lobmaier PP, Kunøe N, Gossop M, Katevoll T, Waal H (2010)
Naltrexone implants compared to methadone: outcomes six months after prison release
Eur Addict Res, 16 (3), 139-45
DOI 10.1159/000313336, PubMed 20424458

Sarfi M, Martinsen H, Bakstad B, Røislien J, Waal H (2009)
Patterns in sleep-wakefulness in three-month old infants exposed to methadone or buprenorphine
Early Hum Dev, 85 (12), 773-8
DOI 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2009.10.006, PubMed 19931991

Clausen T, Havnes IA, Waal H (2009)
[Overdose statistics--a complicated account]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 129 (21), 2233-6
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.08.0605, PubMed 19898571

Kunøe N, Lobmaier P, Vederhus JK, Hjerkinn B, Hegstad S, Gossop M, Kristensen Ø, Waal H (2009)
Naltrexone implants after in-patient treatment for opioid dependence: randomised controlled trial
Br J Psychiatry, 194 (6), 541-6
DOI 10.1192/bjp.bp.108.055319, PubMed 19478295

Clausen T, Waal H, Thoresen M, Gossop M (2009)
Mortality among opiate users: opioid maintenance therapy, age and causes of death
Addiction, 104 (8), 1356-62
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02570.x, PubMed 19426288

Anchersen K, Clausen T, Gossop M, Hansteen V, Waal H (2009)
Prevalence and clinical relevance of corrected QT interval prolongation during methadone and buprenorphine treatment: a mortality assessment study
Addiction, 104 (6), 993-9
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02549.x, PubMed 19392907

Shaygani S, Waal H (2009)
[Treatment of opioid withdrawal]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 129 (2), 114-5
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.09.32466, PubMed 19151804

Helseth V, Lykke-Enger T, Johnsen J, Waal H (2009)
Substance use disorders among psychotic patients admitted to inpatient psychiatric care
Nord J Psychiatry, 63 (1), 72-7
DOI 10.1080/08039480802450439, PubMed 19034727

Skeie I, Brekke M, Lindbaek M, Waal H (2008)
Somatic health among heroin addicts before and during opioid maintenance treatment: a retrospective cohort study
BMC Public Health, 8, 43
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-8-43, PubMed 18237421

Clausen T, Anchersen K, Waal H (2007)
Mortality prior to, during and after opioid maintenance treatment (OMT): a national prospective cross-registry study
Drug Alcohol Depend, 94 (1-3), 151-7
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.11.003, PubMed 18155364

Kornør H, Waal H, Sandvik L (2007)
Time-limited buprenorphine replacement therapy for opioid dependence: 2-year follow-up outcomes in relation to programme completion and current agonist therapy status
Drug Alcohol Rev, 26 (2), 135-41
DOI 10.1080/09595230601146603, PubMed 17364848

Skeie I, Brekke M, Lindbaek M, Waal H (2007)
[General practitioners can take responsibility for medication-based rehabilitation]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 127 (3), 296-7
PubMed 17279108

Pedersen K, Sandvik L, Waal H (2007)
Evaluation of DTES - A simple drug-taking scale
Addict. Res. Theory, 15 (6), 637-649

Waal H (2007)
Merits and problems in high-threshold methadone maintenance treatment. Evaluation of medication-assisted rehabilitation in Norway 1998-2004
Eur Addict Res, 13 (2), 66-73
DOI 10.1159/000097935, PubMed 17356277

Kornør H, Waal H, Ali RL (2006)
Abstinence-orientated buprenorphine replacement therapy for young adults in out-patient counselling
Drug Alcohol Rev, 25 (2), 123-30
DOI 10.1080/09595230500537209, PubMed 16627301

Waal H, Frogopsahl G, Olsen L, Christophersen AS, Mørland J (2006)
Naltrexone implants -- duration, tolerability and clinical usefulness. A pilot study
Eur Addict Res, 12 (3), 138-44
DOI 10.1159/000092115, PubMed 16778434

Krook AL, Waal H, Hansteen V (2004)
[Routine ECG in methadone-assisted rehabilitation is wrong prioritization]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 124 (22), 2940-1
PubMed 15550974

Olsen L, Christophersen AS, Frogopsahl G, Waal H, Mørland J (2004)
Plasma concentrations during naltrexone implant treatment of opiate-dependent patients
Br J Clin Pharmacol, 58 (2), 219-22
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2125.2004.02122.x, PubMed 15255807

Waal H, Kornor H (2004)
Abstinence-oriented therapies for opiate addicts
Curr. Opin. Psychiatr., 17 (3), 169-174

Kornør H, Waal H (2004)
[Methadone dose, treatment duration and heroin use in drug-assisted rehabilitation]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 124 (3), 332-4
PubMed 14963504

Bachs L, Waal H (2003)
[Naltrexone in the treatment of addiction]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 123 (12), 1665-7
PubMed 12821984

Waal H, Christophersen AS, Frogopsahl G, Olsen LH, Mørland J (2003)
[Naltrexone implants--a pilot project]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 123 (12), 1660-1
PubMed 12821982

Waal H, Aamodt Ø, Olsen H (2003)
[Use of naltrexone in the treatment of young drug addicts]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 123 (12), 1662-4
PubMed 12821983

Waal H, Dahl IV (2002)
[From "quota prescription" to drug-assisted rehabilitation--experiences with the temporary guidelines]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 122 (12), 1228-31
PubMed 12089853

Krook AL, Brørs O, Dahlberg J, Grouff K, Magnus P, Røysamb E, Waal H (2002)
A placebo-controlled study of high dose buprenorphine in opiate dependents waiting for medication-assisted rehabilitation in Oslo, Norway
Addiction, 97 (5), 533-42
DOI 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00090.x, PubMed 12033654

Waal H, Krook AL, Welle-Strand G, Espegren O, Hole R, Lazaridis KB, Sandvold M, Moen S, Høiseth T (2001)
[A national model for drug-supported rehabilitation of opiate addicts]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 121 (19), 2301-5
PubMed 11571885

Walby FA, Borg P, Eikeseth PH, Neegaard E, Kjerpeseth K, Bruvik S, Waal H (2000)
[Use of methadone in the treatment of psychotic patients with heroin dependence]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 120 (2), 195-8
PubMed 10851915

Waal H, Blix O, Krook A, Olsen H (1999)
[Methadone used in the treatment of opioid dependence]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 119 (2), 237-41
PubMed 10081357

Blix O, Bruvik S, Waal H (1999)
[The Oslo methadone project]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 119 (2), 242-6
PubMed 10081358

Waal H, Morland J (1999)
Addiction as impeded rationality

Waal H (1998)
[Is methadone a solution?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 118 (20), 3104
PubMed 9760849

Waal H (1998)
Understanding the incomprehensible - Limited rationality as an approach to "double-diagnosis" patients
Nord. J. Psychiatr., 52 (1), 23-29

Waal H (1996)
[When your needs are most urgent, you will be denied help. Indistinct borderlines between advertisment, campaigns and information]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 116 (11), 1370-1
PubMed 8658420

Faerden A, Waal H, Rønnow S (1995)
[Long-term psychiatric patients in a sector of Oslo]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 115 (29), 3638-41
PubMed 8539723

Rønnow S, Waal H (1995)
[Increasing number of involuntary emergency admissions to psychiatric institutions]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 115 (19), 2376-80
PubMed 7667852

Waal H (1995)
[Back to a more health-oriented narcotic policy?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 115 (9), 1048-9
PubMed 7725281

Waal H (1995)
[To buy scientists?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 115 (6), 734-5
PubMed 7900139

Ersland S, Kringlen E, Waal H, Thaulow JF (1993)
[Lobotomy at the Gaustad hospital]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 113 (17), 2092-5
PubMed 8337667

Waal H, Knutsen T, Welle-Strand G (1991)
[Methadone maintenance of HIV-infected drug addicts with immune deficiency]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 111 (25), 3083-6
PubMed 1658974

Knutsen T, Waal H (1990)
[Therapeutic and health care needs of HIV positive drug abusers. A study from an emergency institution]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 110 (22), 2861-3
PubMed 2219061

Helgeland I, Waal H (1989)
[Can adolescents with behavioral disorders be helped? Problems among young people--behavioral disorders--preventive attempts--follow-up studies--evaluation]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 109 (14), 1509-12
PubMed 2749637

Waal H, Helgeland I (1989)
[Punishment, fostering, education and treatment. An integrated model for adolescents with behavioral disorders]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 109 (14), 1513-6
PubMed 2749638

Dahl AA, Waal H (1983)
An outcome study of primal therapy
Psychother Psychosom, 39 (3), 154-64
DOI 10.1159/000287736, PubMed 6622628

Holsten F, Waal H (1980)
The DTES - drug taking evaluation scale. A simple scale for the evaluation of drug taking behaviour
Acta Psychiatr Scand, 61 (4), 275-305
DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1980.tb00582.x, PubMed 7446185

Waal H, Holsten F (1980)
Evaluation of drug taking behaviour. Some theoretical and methodological considerations
Acta Psychiatr Scand, 61 (2), 127-34
DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1980.tb00572.x, PubMed 7361585

Holsten F, Waal H (1980)
Evaluation of the drug taker. A step to an evaluation of treatment
Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl, 284, 29-41
DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1980.tb10428.x, PubMed 6935930

Waal H (1977)
[Occupational groups and milieu therapy - various comments]
Sykepleien, 64 (20), 1144-6
PubMed 245814

Waal H, Baksaas R, Miljeteig M, Sundal N (1977)
[Team work situation in psychiatric hospital wards are changing]
Sykepleien, 64 (19), 1086-90
PubMed 244034

Waal H (1977)
[Ward personnel in the psychiatric hospital keeper, caretaker, nurse or therapist?]
Sykepleien, 64 (18), 1019-21, 1037
PubMed 244025

Waal H (1977)
[Organization and structural changes. Evaluation of open systems]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 97 (19-21), 1016-8
PubMed 898135

Waal H (1977)
[Evaluation of changes in the structure of a mental hospital]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 97 (19-21), 1035-9
PubMed 898142

Waal H (1977)
[Process- or task oriented evaluation?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 97 (19-21), 1001-3
PubMed 898130

Waal H (1977)
[Role changes for doctors, psychologists and trained social workers during structure changes at the psychiatric hospitals]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 97 (16), 846-8
PubMed 877937

Waal H (1977)
[The new sex therapy]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 97 (4), 200-2
PubMed 841552

Waal H (1973)
[Drug addiction and drug abuse in adolescence]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 93 (14), 1047-52
PubMed 4755947

Waal H (1972)
[Chronic "sniffers"]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 92 (10), 701-6
PubMed 5028420

Kofstad J, Boe G, Waal H (1971)
[Detection of drug abuse with thin-layer chromatography of urine]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 91 (9), 654-6
PubMed 5576180

Waal H (1971)
[The present status of adolescent drug addiction in Norway. Theoretical considerations, historical development and treatment offered]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 91 (5), 367-74
PubMed 5546519

Review articles

Lobmaier PP, Kunøe N, Gossop M, Waal H (2011)
Naltrexone depot formulations for opioid and alcohol dependence: a systematic review
CNS Neurosci Ther, 17 (6), 629-36
DOI 10.1111/j.1755-5949.2010.00194.x, PubMed 21554565

Lobmaier P, Gossop M, Waal H, Bramness J (2010)
The pharmacological treatment of opioid addiction--a clinical perspective
Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 66 (6), 537-45
DOI 10.1007/s00228-010-0793-6, PubMed 20169438

Kornør H, Waal H (2005)
From opioid maintenance to abstinence: a literature review
Drug Alcohol Rev, 24 (3), 267-74
DOI 10.1080/09595230500170241, PubMed 16096130

Bramness JG, Bachs LC, Waal H (2002)
[Buprenorphine as maintenance treatment in rehabilitation of heroin addicts]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 122 (25), 2452-4
PubMed 12448114

Waal H, Kringlen E, Ersland S, Thaulow JF (1993)
[What can we learn from the lobotomy period?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 113 (17), 2121-5
PubMed 8337674

Other articles

Morland J, Waal H (2019)
"The entire common catalog" in the treatment of drug disorders
Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen., 139 (3), 240-242

Edvardsen HE, Tverborgvik T, Frost J, Rogde S, Morild I, Waal H, Clausen T, Slørdal L, Vindenes V (2017)
Corrigendum to "Differences in combinations and concentrations of drugs of abuse in fatal intoxication and driving under the influence cases" [Forensic Sci. Int. 281 (2017) 127-133]
Forensic Sci Int, 283, 219
DOI 10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.12.040, PubMed 29324351

Waal H, Morland J (2017)
Substance, punishment and social contagion- an unfortunate confusion
Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen., 137 (12-13), 857

Waal H, Mørland J (2017)
[No title available]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 137 (12-13), 857
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.17.0505, PubMed 28655224

Waal H, Mørland J (2017)
[Drugs, punishment and social contagion - an unfortunate mix]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 137 (4), 262
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.17.0024, PubMed 28225228

Waal H (2015)
[Norway on the overdose top?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 135 (18), 1624
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.15.0690, PubMed 26442722

Waal H (2014)
[Advances in the detention cell]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 134 (3), 263
DOI 10.4045/tidsskr.14.0015, PubMed 24518445

Waal H (2013)
Is sustained release natrexone an option for heroin-dependent pregnant women?
Addiction, 108 (2), 252-3
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03940.x, PubMed 23331879

Waal H (2010)
NISUD—progress, backlash or sidetrack?
Addiction, 105 (12), 2050-1; discussion 2056
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03116.x, PubMed 21105301

Kunoe N, Lobmaier P, Gossop M, Waal H (2010)
Naltrexone implants Reply
Br. J. Psychiatry, 196 (1), 77

Waal H (2007)
[Dual diagnoses and dual messages]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 127 (15), 1922
PubMed 17700729

Kunøe N, Waal H (2007)
Opioid overdose deaths can occur in patients with naltrexone implants
Med J Aust, 187 (1), 56; author reply 56-7
PubMed 17605713

Waal H, Krook AL, Hansteen V (2007)
[Methadone and arrhythmia--final comment]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 127 (7), 913; author reply 913
PubMed 17435820

Waal H, Krook AL, Hansteen V (2007)
[Methadone treatment and heart arrhythmia]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 127 (4), 459; author reply 459-60
PubMed 17304281

Waal H (2007)
[Substance abuse and specialist health services]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 127 (3), 302
PubMed 17288038

Waal H (2003)
[Tragedies in drunk cells]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 123 (8), 1047
PubMed 12760215

Waal H (1998)
[Dogmatism on methadone]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 118 (25), 3996
PubMed 9830350

Waal H (1998)
[Is methadone effective?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 118 (23), 3673
PubMed 9820017

Waal H (1997)
Overstating the case - Methodological comments on 'the effects of harm reduction in Amsterdam' by Buning and van Brussel
Eur. Addict. Res., 3 (4), 199-204

Waal H (1992)
[Methadone treatment of narcotic addicts--can it be defended?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 112 (3), 374-5
PubMed 1553680

Waal H (1989)
[Buprenorphine (Temgesic)--a new agent for abuse]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 109 (12), 1326-7
PubMed 2734763


Waal H, Gjersing L, Clausen T (2011)
Open drug scenes and overdose mortality - what to do?: report from five European cities
In Rapport, Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning, Institutt for psykiatri, UiO, Oslo, 1/2011, 50 s.
BIBSYS 112748384, ISBN 978-82-93019-02-2

Waal H (2010)
Følelser og fornuft: festskrift til Helge Waal
(Bramness JG, Blindheim M, eds.), SERAF, [Oslo], 231 s.
BIBSYS 101131550, ISBN 978-82-93019-01-5

Gjersing L, Clausen T, Waal H (2009)
Evaluering av Klinikk motivasjon
In Rapport, Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning, Institutt for psykiatri, UiO, Oslo, 3/2009, 86 s.
BIBSYS 093263279, ISBN 978-82-93019-00-8

Waal H (2008)
LAR I NORGE: statusrapport 2007
In Rapport, Senter for rus- og avhengighetsforskning, Institutt for psykiatri, UiO, Oslo, 1/2008, 86 s.
BIBSYS 112748244

Waal H (2004)
Comparative overview of public nuisance features with regard to open drug scenes and different approaches taken by European Countries to address them: Paper prepared to pomidou group meeting Strasbourg November 18th-19th 2004
UiO, Oslo, 21 s.
BIBSYS 061858277

Waal H (2004)
Comparative overview of public nuisance features with regard to open drug scenes and different approaches taken by european countries to to adress them: Paper prepared to Pompidou group meeting Strasbourg November 18th.-19th. 2004
Universitetet i Oslo, Oslo, 18s.
BIBSYS 050422715

Waal H, Haga E (2003)
Maintenance treatment of heroin addiction: evidence at the crossroads
Cappelen akademisk forl., Oslo, 333 s.
BIBSYS 031157823, ISBN 82-02-22651-1

Bachs LC, Waal H (2002)
Naltrexon: klinisk bruk av en opiat antagonist : hva vet vi i dag?
Statens rettstoksikologiske institutt, Oslo
BIBSYS 031506704, ISBN 82-91049-34-3

Reinås KT, Waal H (2001)
Drug overdoses and overdose deaths in four European cities: a baseline report from the project Strategic choices for reducing overdose deaths : a joint project of the cities Oslo, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, and Frankfurt am Main
[s.n.], Oslo, 116 bl.
BIBSYS 011913622

Watten RG, Waal H (2001)
Avrusing: Fra vilje til medisin: avrusingstradisjonene i Norge belyst gjennom en forundersøkelse av ultrarask opioidavrusing (UROD)
In SIRUS-rapport, SIRUS, Oslo, 3, 62 s.
BIBSYS 012076708, ISBN 82-7171-230-6

Bachs LC, Bramness JG, Waal H (2001)
Buprenorfin i legemiddelassistert rehabilitering: hva vet vi i dag?
Statens rettstoksikologiske institutt, Oslo, [42] s.
BIBSYS 012276391, ISBN 82-91049-33-5

Bachs LC, Bramness JG, Waal H (2000)
Buprenorfin: en litteraturgjennomgang
MARIO, Oslo, [23] bl.
BIBSYS 001486209

Waal H (1998)
Patterns on the European drug scene: an exploration of differences : report based on the COST A6 project: Evaluation of Action against Drugs in Europe, Working Group 1: Evaluation of policies, policy changes and societal response to policies
National Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research, Oslo, 229 s.
BIBSYS 981421202, ISBN 82-7171-217-9

Waal H, Duckert F (1996)
Behandling av rusproblemer - nytter det, og hva koster det?: metoder og muligheter i kostnad-nytteforskning
In Temaserie, Direktoratet, Oslo, 1996:2, 143 s.
BIBSYS 97003914x, ISBN 82-90594-66-6

Waal H, Duckert F (1996)
Behandling av rusproblemer: -nytter det, og hva koster det?
Rusmiddeldirektoratet, Oslo, 143 s.
BIBSYS 093968736

Waal H (1994)
Hasj: om skader og avhengighet
Rusmiddeldirektoratet, Oslo ([Rev. utg.]), 26 s.
BIBSYS 950895695

Waal H, Middelthon AL (1992)
Narkotikaforebygging mot år 2000
Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 352 s.
BIBSYS 920245595, ISBN 82-00-21560-1

Waal H (1991)
Nic Waal: det urolige hjerte
Pax, Oslo, 284 s., [8] pl.
BIBSYS 911047972, ISBN 82-530-1530-5

Waal H, Rusmiddeldirektoratet (1990)
Hasj: om skader og avhengighet
Rusmiddeldirektoratet, Oslo, 26 s.
BIBSYS 961915870

Waal H (1989)
Hasj: om skader og avhengighet
Rusmiddeldirektoratet, Oslo, 26 s.
BIBSYS 900117699

Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom, Stangeland P, Waal H (1985)
Tiltak for ungdom med atferdsvansker: utredning fra "Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom", Sosialdepartementets forsøks- og utredningsprosjekt om den kriminelle lavalder
In Norges offentlige utredninger, Departementenes servicesenter, Informasjonsforvaltning, Oslo, NOU 1985:3, 140 s.
BIBSYS 851069169, ISBN 82-00-70919-1

Waal H, Bratholm A, Flekkøy MG, Wikan U, Dugstad BS, Evans TD (1985)
Barn og straff: artikkelsamling
In Rapport (Mjaavatn PE, ed.), Senteret, Trondheim, 6, 111 s.
BIBSYS 862042518

Waal H (1984)
Hvor farlig er hasj?: om helsemessige og sosiale virkninger av cannabis
Aschehoug, [Oslo], 81 s.
BIBSYS 853082154, ISBN 82-518-1939-3

Waal H, Clementz M (1984)
Et kollektiv på sviktende grunn: rapport om utviklingen i bokollektivet "Elvesus natur og miljø"
Sosialdepartementet, Oslo, 55 s.
BIBSYS 001383213

Morin Å, Waal H (1984)
Forsterkete fosterhjem - et alternativ til institusjon i barnevernet?: erfaringer fra Buskerudprosjektet for styrking av barne- og ungdomsvernet
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 22, 50, [14] s.
BIBSYS 842046364

Waal H (1984)
Grunnskolen og den vanskelige elev: en vurdering av skolesystemets plass og muligheter i tiltakene for ungdom med adferdsvansker
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 24, 64 s.
BIBSYS 842061657

Waal H (1984)
Buskerud-modellen og barnevernsplanene i forskjellige fylker
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 23, 56 s.
BIBSYS 854060227

Waal H (1983)
Rommen-prosjektet: miljø-, reise- og internattiltak som virkemidler i skoletilbudet til "problemelever"
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 16, 65 s.
BIBSYS 842053670

Waal H (1983)
Nøsted skole- og treningssenter: en rapport om utviklingen av "Alternativ opplæring" i Drammen
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 19, 50 s.
BIBSYS 842053727

Waal H (1983)
Konfidensielt vedlegg til Notat 20: UtdanningskollektivetKlokkergården, et alternativ for gatebarna
In Utdanningskollektivet Klokkergården, et alternativ for gatebarna?: beskrivelse og vurdering av et "Hassela-kollektiv" for grunnskole-elever, 11 s.
BIBSYS 842053743

Waal H (1983)
Utdanningskollektivet Klokkergården, et alternativ for gatebarna?: beskrivelse og vurdering av et "Hassela-kollektiv" for grunnskole-elever
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 20, 55 s.
BIBSYS 854060138

Waal H (1983)
Hvor farlig er cannabis ?
Sentralrådet for narkotikaproblemer, Oslo, 20s
BIBSYS 951838954

Waal H, Stangeland P (1982)
Buskerudprosjektet for styrking av barne- og ungdomsvernet: (tidl. Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom, Buskerud) : rapport fra arbeidet frem til juni 1982 godkjent som utkast tilrapport og prosjektbeskrivelse av prosjektkomiteen i Buskerud
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 11, 52,[13] s.
BIBSYS 822227509

Waal H (1982)
Trenger vi ungdomsdomstoler og lukkete barnevernsinstitusjoner?: rapport fra studiereise i Nederland
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 13, 35 s.
BIBSYS 822227525

Johannesen IS, Kemeny S, Waal H (1982)
Fra spesialskole til oppvekstmiljø?: kan og bør adferdsskolene utvikle et langsiktig tilbud for ungdom med særlig store problemer? ; rapport om forsøksvirksomhet ved Hassel skole
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 14, 40 s.
BIBSYS 832006793

Waal H (1982)
Psykiatri og barnevern: en vurdering av barne- og ungdomspsykiatriens funksjon for unge lovbrytere og andre barnevernsklienter
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 8, 58 s.
BIBSYS 822227460

Waal H, Andresen AS, Kaada AK (1981)
Kollektiver: hverdag og virkninger
In Skrifter, Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 21, 216 s.
BIBSYS 812195671, ISBN 82-00-05804-2

Stangeland P, Waal H (1981)
Evaluering av tiltak for adferdsvanskelig ungdom
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 5, 58 s.
BIBSYS 822057751

Waal H (1981)
Rostad-modellen: et alternativ for de "vanskeligste"
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 6, 33 s.
BIBSYS 82205776x

Waal H (1981)
Rus: ungdom og rusmidler
Aschehoug, [Oslo], 69 s.
BIBSYS 873086635, ISBN 82-03-12374-0

Waal H (1981)
Prosjekt 80: et forsøk på å skape en alternativ behandlingskjede for "de vanskeligste"
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 7, 49 s.
BIBSYS 822057778

Stangeland P, Waal H (1981)
Samordning av tiltak for adferdsvanskelig ungdom
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 4 (3. oppl.), 53 s.
BIBSYS 822057743

Waal H, Kaada AK, Andresen AS (1980)
Ungdom og ansatte i behandlingskollektiv: en etterundersøkelse
Statens senter for barne- og ungdomspsykiatri, [Oslo], 217 s.
BIBSYS 060875143

Waal H, Stangeland P (1980)
En presentasjon av planene for prosjektet
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 1, 14 s.
BIBSYS 822057719

Waal H (1980)
Hasselakollektivene: en vurdering av tilbudet i forhold til situasjonen i Norge
In Notat (Alternativ til fengsling av ungdom (prosjekt)), Det Kgl. sosialdepartement, Oslo, 3, 26 s.
BIBSYS 822057735

Waal H (1979)
Utredning om behandling av narkotikamisbrukere, spesielt med henblikk på fremtidig utnyttelse av Statens klinikk for narkomane
[S. n.], Oslo, 87 bl.
BIBSYS 000456861

Andresen AS, Waal H (1978)
Behandlingskollektiv?: bo- og arbeidsfellesskap som alternativ til psykiatrisk institusjon
Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, XII, 207 s.
BIBSYS 874128129, ISBN 82-00-01826-1

Waal H (1978)
Psykiatriske sykehus, utviklingsmuligheter og begrensninger
Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 323 s.
BIBSYS 755009290, ISBN 82-00-05207-9

Waal H (1977)
Psykiatriske sykehus: utviklingsmuligheter og begrensninger : en kritisk studieav endringer i et psykiatrisk sykehus sett i perspektiv av sykehuset som et åpent system : rapport til Sosialdepartementet
Gaustad sykehus, Oslo, 374 s.
BIBSYS 98259030x

Book chapters

Kornør H, Waal H (2004)
Metadondose, behandlingsvarighet og heroinbruk i medikamentassistert rehabilitering
In Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening, Foreningen, Oslo, 124(2004)nr. 3, S. 332-334
BIBSYS 051806622

Waal H, Kornør H (2004)
Abstinence-oriented therapies for opiate addicts
In Current opinion in psychiatry, Current Science, London, 17(2004)3, S. 169-174
BIBSYS 051857405

Olsen L, Christophersen AS, Frogopsahl G, Waal H, Mørland J (2004)
Plasma concentrations during naltrexone implant treatmentof opiate-dependent patients
In British journal of clinical pharmacology, Blackwell, Oxford, 58(2004)2, S. 219-222
BIBSYS 05192708x

Waal H (2004)
Rusmiddelmisbruk, bakgrunnsfaktorer, samfunn - og "plata"
In Ubevisst sjeleliv og bevisst samfunnsliv: psykisk helse i en sammenheng : festskrift til Tom Sørensen på hans 60-årsdag, Nordkyst psykiatri, Nittedal, S. 123-132
BIBSYS 05207448x

Lauritzen G, Waal H (2003)
Sammenheng mellom rusmiddelbruk og psykisk helse i et generasjonsperspektiv
In Det Sårbare barnet: barn, foreldre og rusmiddelproblemer, Kommuneforl., Oslo, S. 22-38
BIBSYS 03202861x

Waal H (2000)
Metadonbehandling: fremskritt eller fallitterklæring?
In Medicinsk årbog, Norli, Oslo, 2000, s. 85-94
BIBSYS 042229219

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